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How a Bill Becomes Law

How A BIll Becomes Law

Introduction of Bills
Only legislators may introduce bills. After a bill is introduced, it is printed and sent to a ­committee for a hearing.

Committee Action
At the committee hearing, citizens may appear and give their views for or against a bill. The committee may recommend that a bill “do pass” or “do not pass.”

Three Readings
Each bill must be read by title on three different days in both the House and Senate before it is passed. In practice, the readings mark key stages in the movement of a bill from introduction to passage.

Amendments to Bills
When a bill is called for its second reading, amendments (changes in wording) previously approved by a standing committee, are adopted. Amendments can be offered by any member, but are usually referred to a standing committee for consideration.

Passage of Bills
When a bill is called for its third reading, it is voted on for passage.  A roll call vote is required, and a majority of the members elected must vote “Yes” to pass a bill, 30 votes in the Senate; 60 votes in the House.

Governor’s Action
Before a bill becomes law, it must be presented to the governor. He may sign a bill into law or send it back to the legislature for changes. He also may veto or reduce an appropriation item, or he may veto the entire bill.

Override of Governor’s Vetoes
The legislature may agree or disagree with the governor’s changes or veto of bills. If the legislature disagrees, it has the power to override the governor’s changes.

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News Releases

IMAGE Stadelman urges child care providers to apply for financial assistance
Friday, 09 October 2020
ROCKFORD — As parents continue to return to in-office work, they’re relying on child care providers more than ever. At the same time, many of...

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IMAGE Black Caucus unveils efforts to end disparities in health care and human services
Thursday, 08 October 2020
CENTREVILLE, Ill.—The Illinois Legislative Black Caucus will unveil their final pillar, health care and human services, as part of their efforts to...

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IMAGE Harris works to give Black businesses the tools to succeed
Thursday, 08 October 2020
DOLTON – State Senator Napoleon Harris, III (D-Harvey) an advocate for the inclusion of minorities in all industries, voiced his support on giving...

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IMAGE Villanueva congratulates John Hancock High School on prestigious Blue Ribbon honor
Thursday, 08 October 2020
CHICAGO — State Senator Celina Villanueva (D-Chicago) is congratulating John Hancock College Preparatory High School for being awarded a National...

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IMAGE Joyce unveils $162,000 in water infrastructure funding for South Wilmington
Thursday, 08 October 2020
SOUTH WILMINGTON – The Village of South Wilmington will receive $162,000 in funding to improve the community’s drinking water quality as part of...

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